The scalp is a unique part of the human integumentary system. In this specialized patch of skin, vast networks of blood vessels provide oxygen and nutrients to thousands of follicles responsible for growing hair. Mediceutical Laboratories understands that this is a delicate growing environment often taken for granted. The scalp's unique attributes cause it to be vulnerable to certain skin disorders such as fungal infections and hair loss.
Did you know?
- Over 75 million men, women and children are currently troubled by Common Scalp Disorders
- 97% of all people will experience some form of scalp problem: Dandruff, Psoriasis, Seborrheic Dermatitis, or Dry Scalp
- The occurence of annoying scalp disorders appears to be increasing, particularly Oily Scalp
- An unhealthy scalp may contribute to hair loss
- The top-selling shampoo in the world is a medicated dandruff treatment
Dandruff, put simply, is the hyper-production of skin cells often linked to P. Ovale Fungus. Skin cells are produced and shed too quickly which causes flakes of dead skin to fall off the scalp. Millions of Americans have this chronic disorder. The unmistakable symptoms of dandruff are white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin covering the hair and shoulders, and an itchy, scaly scalp.
Oily Scalp, also known as seborrhea, is characterized by a state of overly active sebaceous glands. This is contributed to by age, gender, and individual hormone levels.
Oily scalps tend to suffer most from dandruff because an oily scalp supports the growth of yeast (P. Ovale Fungus). Seborrheic Dermatitis, or oily scalp, skin and hair is not just a problem during the teenage years. There has been a marked increase in excessive oily scalp in older men and women which is believed to be hormone-related, resulting in excessive sebum production.
Characterized by a tight feeling scalp and dry skin flakes falling from the scalp. The most common causes of dry scalp are climate, swimming pools, sun exposure, and harsh shampoos that dissolve the natural sebum on the scalp and remove moisture.
Psoriasis is a chronic (long lasting) skin and scalp disease of scaling and inflammation that affects an estimated 1 in 50 Americans with 150,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Psoriasis occurs when skin cells quickly multiply below the surface of the skin and accumulate on the surface before they have a chance to mature. Usually, skin cell turnover takes about a month, but with Psoriasis the process occurs in only a few days. Typical Psoriasis results in patches of thick red, inflamed skin covered with silvery scales referred to as plaques which usually itch and feel sore. Psoriasis is believed to be caused primarily by an immune system disorder, genetics, infections, stress, or medication. Psoriasis appears slightly more prevalent in women than men.
The Scalp, Magnified
Normal, Healthy Scalp
Unhealthy, Dry Scalp
Unhealthy, Oily Scalp
Unhealthy, Dandruff Scalp
Mediceuticals' Advanced Hair Restoration Technology provides men and women dealing with hair loss an opportunity to restore the full, healthy head of hair they once enjoyed.
Common Causes of Hair Loss or Alopecia
- Androgenetic Alopecia
A very common form of permanent hair loss associated with male pattern baldness. Men that are predisposed to androgenetic alopecia begin to lose hair at any time after puberty. Typically the (very gradual) hair loss begins on top of the crown and at the temples, and slowly expands. Generally, hair on both sides and the back of the head does not fall off. For many women, androgenetic alopecia starts during menopause.
- Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata causes patchy hair loss. It is usually localized to the scalp, but can affect all hair-covered areas of the skin, such as the beard, pubic and eyebrow areas. Patchy baldness that typically begins with rapid hair loss on discrete areas of the scalp and sometimes progresses to complete baldness and even loss of body hair. The characteristic diagnostic finding is short, broken hairs called "exclamation point" hairs. Alopecia areata affects both males and females and, most often, children and young adults. It seems to be caused by an autoimmune mechanism, wherein the body's own immune system attacks the hair follicles and disrupts normal hair formation. Alopecia areata is sometimes associated with allergic disorders, thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and other conditions, and some forms may be inherited. Hair can sometimes regrow within a year without treatment. The longer the period of time of hair loss, the less chance that the hair will regrow.
- Depending on the chemotherapy (cytostatics), the hair can fall out
- Hair loss usually occurs after 2-3 weeks after the first treatment
- Scalp is sensitive
- Scalp is dry
- Flaking of the scalp
- The scalp is more sensitive to heat and cold
- Not all chemotherapy causes hair loss